Further reading


Selected publications covering:


Post-adoption contact

Adams, P. 2012. Planning for Contact in Permanent Placements. London: BAAF

Beckett, C. et al. 2008. The Experience of Adoption (2); the association between communicative openness and self-esteem in adoption. Adoption and Fostering, 32(1) 29-39

Bond, H. 2007. Ten Top Tips for Managing Contact London. BAAF

Boyle, C. 2017. ‘What is the impact of birth family contact on children in adoption and long‐term foster care?’ A systematic review. Child & Family Social Work, 22(S1) 22-33. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cfs.12236

Children’s Rights Director for England. 2009. Keeping in Touch, Manchester: Ofsted

del Pozo de Bolger, A., Dunstan, D., and Kaltner, M. 2018. Open Adoptions of Children from Foster Care in New South Wales Australia: Adoption Process and Post-Adoption Contact. Adoption Quarterly, 1-20. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10926755.2018.1448915

Farr, R. H., Ravvina, Y., and Grotevant, H. D. 2018. Birth family contact experiences among lesbian, gay, and heterosexual adoptive parents with school‐age children. Family Relations, 67(1) 132-146. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/fare.12295

Featherstone, B., Gupta, A. and Mills , S. 2018. The role of the social worker in adoption – ethics and human rights: An enquiry. BASW https://www.basw.co.uk/resources/role-social-worker-adoption-%E2%80%93-ethics-and-human-rights-enquiry

Gilmore, S. 2017. The changing face of adoption–the gift/donation model versus the contract/services model. In Parental Rights and Responsibilities 141-156. Routledge

Grotevant, H.D., et al. 2011. Post-Adoption Contact, Adoption Communicative Openness, and Satisfaction with Contact as Predictors of Externalizing Behavior in Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52(5) 529-536

Jones, C. 2016. Openness in adoption: Challenging the narrative of historical progress. Child & Family Social Work, 21(1) 85-93. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cfs.12113

Loxtercamp, L. 2009. Contact and truth: the unfolding predicament in adoption and fostering. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 14(3) 423-35

Macaskill, C. 2002. Safe Contact? Children in permanent placement and contact with their birth relatives. Dorset: Russell House Publishing

MacDonald, M. 2017. Connecting of Disconnecting? Adoptive Parents’ Experiences of Post Adoption Contact and their Support Needs. Belfast: Health and Social Care Board (N.I.). 43 p. https://pure.qub.ac.uk/portal/files/132848187/AUK_Report_Connecting_or_Disconnecting_MMacD_17.pdf

MacDonald, M. 2017. ‘A picture of who we are as a family’: conceptualizing post‐adoption contact as practices of family display. Child & Family Social Work, 22(S1) 34-43. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cfs.12248

MacDonald, M. 2016. Parenthood and open adoption: An interpretative phenomenological analysis. Springer

MacDonald, M., and McLoughlin, P. 2016. Paramountcy, Family Rights and Contested Adoption: Does Contact with Birth Relatives Balance the Scales?. Child Care in Practice, 22(4) 401-407

Meakings, S., Ottaway, H., Coffey, A., Palmer, C., Doughty, J., and Shelton, K. 2018. The support needs and experiences of newly formed adoptive families: findings from the Wales Adoption Study. Adoption & Fostering, 42(1) 58-75. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0308575917750824

Mendenhall, T., et al. 2004. Adolescents’ Satisfaction with Contact in Adoption. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal. 21(2) 175-190

Neil, E. 2010. The benefits and challenges of direct post-adoption contact: perspectives from adoptive parents and birth relatives. Aloma. Revista de Psicologia, Ciències de l’Educació i de l’Esport. 27.

Neil, E. 2018. Rethinking adoption and birth family contact: is there a role for the law? Family Law. September 2018. 1178-1182.

Neil, E., Beek, M. and Ward, E. 2014. Contact after Adoption: a longitudinal study of adopted young people and their adoptive parents and birth relatives. London: BAAF

Neil, E., Cossar, J., Jones, C., Lorgelly, P. and Young, J. 2011. Supporting Direct Contact after Adoption. BAAF. London. https://corambaaf.org.uk/books/supporting-direct-contact-after-adoption

Quinton, D., Rushton, A., Dance, C. and Mayes, D. 1997. Contact between Children placed away from Home and their Birth Parents: research issues and evidence. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2(3) 393-413

Schofield, G. and Beek, M. 2014. The Secure Base Model Promoting attachment and resilience in foster care and adoption. https://corambaaf.org.uk/books/secure-base-model

Taplin, S., 2005. Is all Contact between Children in Care and their Birth Parents ‘Good’ Contact?, Ashfield: Centre for Parenting and Research, NSW

The Care Inquiry. 2013. Making not Breaking: building relationships for our most vulnerable children, s.l.: The Care Inquiry

The Care Inquiry. 2013. Understanding Permanence for Looked After Children, s.l.: s.n

Sydney, L. and Price, E. 2014. Facilitating Meaningful Contact in Adoption and Fostering: a trauma informed approach to planning, assessing and good practice London; Jessica Kinsgley


Contact with birth relatives for children in foster care

Atwool, N. 2013. Birth Family Contact for Children in Care: How Much? How Often? Who With? Child Care in Practice, 19(2) 181-198

Austerberry, H., et al. 2013. Foster carers and family contact: foster carers’ views of social work support. Adoption & Fostering, 37 116-129

Bullen, T., et al. 2017. Interventions to improve supervised contact visits between children in out of homecare and their parents: a systematic review. Child & Family Social Work, 22(2) 822-833

Chateauneuf, D., Pagé, G., and Decaluwe, B. 2017. Issues Surrounding Post-Adoption Contact in Foster Adoption: The Perspective of Foster-to-Adopt Families and Child Welfare Workers. Journal of Public Child Welfare, 1-25. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/15548732.2017.1397079?needAccess=true

Chateauneuf, D., et al. 2018. The relationship between foster care families and birth families in a child welfare context: The determining factors.  Child & Family Social Work, 23(1) 71-79

Esperanza, L., et al. 2017.  Contact between birth parents and children in kinship care in a sample from Spain. Child & Family Social Work, 22(2) 1075-108

Humphreys, C., and Kiraly, M. 2011. High-frequency family contact: A road to nowhere for infants. Child & Family Social Work, 16(1) 1-125

Larkins, C. et al. 2015. Children’s, Young People’s and Parents’ Perspectives on Contact: Findings from the Evaluation of Social Work Practices. British Journal of Social Work, 45(1) 296-312

McWey, L., Acock, A., Porter B. 2010. The Impact of Continued Contact with Biological Parents upon the Mental Health of Children in Foster Care. Children & Youth Services Review, 32(10) 1338-1345

Moyers, S., Farmer, E., Lipscombe, J. 2006. Contact with Family Members and its Impact on Adolescents and Their Foster Placements. The British Journal of Social Work, 36(4) 541–559

Neil, E. & Howe, D. 2004. Contact in Adoption and Permanent Foster Care. London: BAAF. https://corambaaf.org.uk/books/contact-adoption-and-permanent-foster-care

Salas Martínez, M. D., Fuentes, M. J., Bernedo, I. M., and García‐Martín, M. A. 2016. Contact visits between foster children and their birth family: the views of foster children, foster parents and social workers. Child & Family Social Work, 21(4) 473-483. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cfs.12163

Sen, R. and Broadhurst, K. 2011. Contact between children in out‐of‐home placements and their family and friends networks: a research review. Child & Family Social Work, 16(3) 298-309

Wilson, K. and Devaney, J. 2017. Promoting Contact for Children in State Care: Learning from Northern Ireland on the Development of a Framework for Assessing Contact. Child Care in Practice. DOI: 10.1080/13575279.2017.1406895


Contact and social media

Black, K. A., Moyer, A. M., & Goldberg, A. E. 2016. From face-to-face to Facebook: The role of technology and social media in adoptive family relationships with birth family members. Adoption Quarterly, 19(4) 307-332. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10926755.2016.1217575

Fursland, E. 2013. Facing up to Facebook. London: BAAF. https://corambaaf.org.uk/books/facing-facebook

Fursland, E. 2010. Social networking and contact. London: BAAF https://corambaaf.org.uk/books/social-networking-and-contact

Greenhow, S., et al. 2017. The Maintenance of Traditional and Technological Forms of Post-Adoption Contact. Child Abuse Review, 25(5) 373-385

Greenhow, S., Hackett, S., Jones, C., & Meins, E. 2017. Adoptive family experiences of post‐adoption contact in an Internet era. Child & Family Social Work, 22(S1) 44-52. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cfs.12256

Simpson, J. 2013. Managing unregulated contact in the age of new technology. Adoption and Fostering, 37(4) 380-388

Simpson, J. E. 2016. A divergence of opinion: How those involved in child and family social work are responding to the challenges of the Internet and social media. Child & Family Social Work, 21(1) 94-102. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cfs.12114


Sibling contact

Children’s Bureau. 2013. Sibling Issues in Foster Care and Adoption. Child Welfare Information Gateway https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/siblingissues/index.cfm

CLAN Childlaw. (undated) Promoting Sibling Contact for Looked after Children. https://www.clanchildlaw.org/Handlers/Download.ashx?IDMF=6be66e0e-4216-4bad-979b-e5cee781c320

Cossar, J. and Neil, E. 2013. Making sense of siblings: connections and severances in post-adoption contact. Child & Family Social Work. 18(1) 67-76

Family Futures. 2009. Siblings – together or apart?, s.l.: Family Futures

Jones, C. 2016. Sibling Relationships in Adoptive and Fostering Families: A Review of the International Research Literature. Children & Society, 30(4) 324–334. https://doi.org/10.1111/CHSO.12146

Lundstrom, T. and Sallinas, M. 2012. Sibling contact among Swedish children in foster and residential care — Out of home care in a family service system. Child and Youth Services Review, 34(2) 396-402

Meakings, S., Coffey, A., and Shelton, K. H. 2017. The Influence of adoption on sibling relationships: experiences and support needs of newly formed adoptive families. The British Journal of Social Work, 47(6), 1781-1799. https://academic.oup.com/bjsw/article/47/6/1781/4554334

Monk, D. and Macvarish, J. 2018. Siblings, contact and the law: an overlooked relationship? Summary Report. London: Birkbeck.  Available at: http://www.nuffieldfoundation.org/siblings-contact-and-law-overlooked-relationship

Morgan, R. 2012. Adoption with siblings, Contact with parents. Office of the Children’s Rights Director http://dera.ioe.ac.uk/15501/1/REPORT%20Adoption%20of%20siblings%20and%20contact%20with%20parents.pdf


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